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These macros test for particular system features that packages might need or want to use. If you need to test for a kind of feature that none of these macros check for, you can probably do it by calling primitive test macros with appropriate arguments (see Writing Tests).
These tests print messages telling the user which feature they're
checking for, and what they find. They cache their results for future
configure runs (see Caching Results).
Some of these macros set output variables. See Makefile Substitutions, for how to get their values. The phrase "define name" is used below as a shorthand to mean "define C preprocessor symbol name to the value 1". See Defining Symbols, for how to get those symbol definitions into your program.